Labour market in January 2011
Current monitoring detects no substantial deterioration of situation around registered unemployment rate. Labour market remains stable, manageable, and controllable. Its fluctuations do not go beyond targets set by the State programme on employment assistance to the citizens of the Republic of Belarus.
In January 2011, 21,900 people (down 0.5 per cent comparing to the same period in 2010) applied to the agencies of labour, employment and social protection for employment assistance, 17,000 (95 per cent) of them were registered as unemployed.
As part of the efforts to implement the State programme, in January 2011 realisation of employment policies had the following results:
10,000 people received new jobs created by national and local administrations;
13,100 people (including 10,400 unemployed) received assistance in finding permanent employment;
1,600 unemployed citizens were assigned to attend training, advanced training programs and refresher courses;
as part of the Youth Practice programme, 95 unemployed citizens from among graduates of higher educational institutions, vocational and special secondary schools, and those who had received professional training assigned by the agencies of labour, employment and social protection received temporary jobs;
35 disabled persons received work adaptation assistance;
employers received financial assistance and compensation for purchasing specialized equipment to create two jobs for the disabled persons;
121 unemployed citizens received financial support to start their own business;
22 families of the unemployed were assisted in moving to new places of residence and work;
5,900 people (including 4,300 unemployed) participated in paid public works;
281 students were assisted with employment during their free time;
in rural areas, new jobs were created for employment of 1,300 people.
Particular attention is given to stabilisation of the situation in labor market in small and medium-sized towns (hereinafter – small towns). In January alone 1,800 new jobs were created in small towns.
With a view to boosting employment in small towns, municipal and regional agencies of labour, employment and social protection, pursuant to the objectives of the State programme, provided assistance in finding permanent employment to 3,200 people, including 2,500 unemployed; assigned 357 unemployed citizens to professional training; provided financial support to 35 unemployed citizens who wished to start their own business; facilitated participation of 1,700 people, including 1,200 unemployed, in paid public works.
In small towns, since 1 January 2011 the number of unemployed citizens has increased by 535 (from 6,192 persons at the beginning of the year to 6,727, as of 1 February 2011), or by 8.6 per cent; the number of vacancies has increased from 8,400 to 8,700, up 3.6 per cent. Tensions in the labour market in small towns has increased from 0.7 unemployed per vacancy, as of 1 January 2011 (national average – 0.7), to 0.8, as of 1 February 2011 (national average – 0.7). The figure varies from 0.9 in Brest region to 0.4 in Minsk region.
In January 2011, there was an increase of vacancies registered at the agencies of labour, employment and social protection, comparing to the same period in 2010. As of 31 January 2011, the number of vacancies amounted to 53,200 jobs, up 48.2 per cent comparing to the same period in 2010. At the end of January, statistically there was 0.7 unemployed for each registered vacancy (at the end of January 2010 – 1.2 unemployed). 76.5 per cent of the total number of vacancies is meant for blue-collar workers.
As of 1 February 2011, unemployment rate was 0.7 per cent of the economically active population (0.9 per cent, as of 1 February 2010).