LABOUR MARKET IN JANUARY – APRIL 2012
Current monitoring detects no substantial deterioration of situation around registered unemployment rate. Labour market remains stable, manageable, and controllable. Its fluctuations do not go beyond targets set by the State Programme on Employment Assistance to the Citizens of the Republic of Belarus for 2012 (the State Programme).
In January – April 2012, 90,600 people (93.7 per cent comparing to the same period in 2011) applied to the agencies of labour, employment and social protection for employment assistance, 63,900 (94.5 per cent) of them were registered as unemployed.
As part of the efforts to implement the State Programme, in January - April 2012 realisation of employment policies had the following results:
57,600 people (including 42,900 unemployed) received assistance in finding permanent employment;
6,000 unemployed citizens were assigned to attend training, advanced training programs and refresher courses;
as part of the Youth Practice Programme, 500 unemployed citizens from among graduates of higher educational institutions, vocational and special secondary schools, and those who had received professional training assigned by the agencies of labour, employment and social protection received temporary jobs;
180 disabled persons received work adaptation assistance;
employers received financial assistance and compensation for purchasing specialized equipment to create 25 jobs for the disabled persons;
1,000 unemployed citizens received financial support to start their own business;
125 families of the unemployed were assisted in moving to new places of residence and work;
23,000 people (including 13,700 unemployed) participated in paid public works;
3,400 students were assisted with employment during their free time.
By the end of April 2012, the number of vacancies registered at the agencies of labour, employment and social protection amounted to 59,000 vacant jobs, or 99.8 per cent comparing to April 2011. There was 0.5 unemployed for each registered vacancy (by the end of April 2011 – 0.6 unemployed). 77.8 per cent of the total number of vacancies is meant for blue-collar workers.
As of 1 May 2012, unemployment rate was 0.7 per cent of the economically active population (0.7 per cent, as of 1 May 2011).
Particular attention is given to stabilisation of the situation in labor market in small and medium-sized towns (hereinafter – small towns).
Pursuant to the objectives of the State Programme, with a view to boosting employment in small towns municipal and regional agencies of labour, employment and social protection provided assistance in finding permanent employment to 14,200 people, including 10,700 unemployed; assigned 1,200 unemployed citizens to professional training; provided financial support to 246 unemployed citizens who wished to start their own business; facilitated participation of 7,000 people, including 3,600 unemployed, in paid public works.
The implementation of the active employment policy measures reduced labour market tensions in small towns from 0.7 unemployed per vacancy, as of 1 January 2012 (national average – 0.5), to 0.6, as of 1 May 2012 (national average – 0.5). This figure varies from 0.8 in small towns of Brest region to 0.4 in Minsk region.