Social and labor relations are among the most difficult and complex areas of human activities. In modern socio-economic conditions the ministry is entrusted with a broad range of demanding tasks on regulation of social and labor relations. Labor, employment and welfare agencies are often the very first link in the interaction between the authorities and the society.
In 2006-2010, the ministry was in charge of eight government programs that comprehensively and effectively addressed the issues in the social and labor relations and also developed, together with other agencies concerned, five government programs for 2011-2013 which coordinator it is now.
The ministry has done a lot to improve the legislation in the field of social support.
Regulations were adopted at the level of the heads of state and government to improve pension coverage, state support for families with children, low income households, pensioners and disabled persons. The system of targeted social assistance has been upgraded; legislation on social services is being polished, and the system of state social order is being implemented.
Managerial decisions on labor and social protection deal with the interests of each person and each family and have a significant impact on social attitudes in the society. The employees of the ministry clearly understand that the public perception of the state social policy depends on competent and consistent work with the population.
This preconditions high requirements towards professional, business and personal qualities of managers, specialists and other employees of the bodies and organizations affiliated with the ministry. Today labor, employment and welfare agencies of the Republic of Belarusand subordinate organizations employ 36,500 people, of them 6,100 are civil servants.
The ministry’s central office includes departments general, departments, and directorates: the Directorate for State Labor Inspection and the Social Security Fund. The ministry comprises structural subdivisions of the oblast executive committees and the MinskCity Hallvested with the relevant authorities in labor, employment and social security area, local agencies of the Directorate for State Labor Inspection and the Social Security Fund, state organizations:
Labor Research Institute under the Labor and Social Security Ministry of the Republic of Belarus;
National Instituteof Enhancement of Qualifications and Retraining under the Labor and Social Security Ministry of the Republic of Belarus;
National Youth Vocational GuidanceCenter;
Grodno Oblast Youth Vocational GuidanceCenter;
Vitebsk Oblast Youth Vocational GuidanceCenter;
Belarusian Prosthetic and Orthopedic RecoveryCenter;
NationalRehabilitationCenter for Disabled Children under the Labor and Social Security Ministry of the Republic of Belarus;
NationalCenter for War and Labor Veterans;
Yaselda National Sanatorium for War and Labor Veterans, and the Disabled;
Berezina National Sanatorium for War and Labor Veterans, and the Disabled;
Belaya Vezha National Sanatorium for War and Labor Veterans, and the Disabled;
Vyazhuti National Sanatorium for People with Musculoskeletal Diseases;
National Occupational SafetyCenter under the Labor and Social Security Ministry of the Republic of Belarus;
InformationTechnologyCenter under the Labor and Social Security Ministry of the Republic of Belarus;
Occupational Safety and Social Security Magazine Editors Office.
At present in the Republic of Belarus there are 79 in-patient social services institutions for the elderly and the disabled, including 46 for people with psychoneurological needs, 23 for the elderly and the disabled (general type), 10 for disabled children, with over 18,000 people living there.
Social services to citizens and families in need are provided by 149 territorial social services centers. As of 1 January 2013 there were 1.7 million citizens in a difficult life situation registered with the centers.
The number of unemployable citizens (elderly citizens, people with class one and two disabilities), who receive social aid at home, has increased by 2,500 people from 2011 to 90,300 people.
The Republic of Belarus in deed and not in name confirms its status of the social justice country – the state for the people – by securing a high level of employment of the population, raising living standards and earnings of citizens, by providing effective support to vulnerable population strata, by developing the systems of publicly available social services, social partnership, stable operation of the pension and social insurance system, labor protection.
Every employee of the Ministry’s system, social workers and state labor inspectors alike, employment service specialists, public sector employees, medical workers, who discharge their professional duties involving everyday care for the people, realize the social policy of the Republic of Belarus, which is based on principles of social justice, the enhancement of real social guarantees, continuity, and targeted care.