State family policy is one of the priorities in the social sphere and, in the first place, is aimed at creating incentives for orientation of social and individual consciousness towards family values, as well as strengthening the family as a social institution (for more detailed information about the state family policy, please refer to the section “State Family Policy” at http://www.mintrud.by/ru).
Families with children are entitled to the following types of state support:
- guaranteed birth grants (paid for the birth of a child) and childcare benefits (the state system of benefits for families with children);
- labour and employee benefits, tax benefits, housing benefits, medical and other types of benefits;
- social services for families.
Today, there are 10 types of state benefits for families with children. Childcare benefits are paid to families until the child reaches the age of 3, regardless of employment and income of the parents. Time spent for child care is taken into account when seniority in the workplace is assessed, which is used to define the size of pension granted upon retirement.
The state system of benefits for families with children is constantly being improved. Starting from October 1, 2012 the size of the birth grant was doubled (the first child – from 5 to 10 minimum subsistence budgets, the second and subsequent children – from 7 to 14 minimum subsistence budgets).
Since January 1, 2012 the following benefits for families with children were increased:
- disabled child care benefit (increased from 65 to 100 percent of the minimum subsistence budget);
- child care benefits for children older than the age of 3 (increased from 30 to 50 percent of the minimum subsistence budget);
- child care benefits for HIV- infected children under the age of 18 (increased from 45 to 70 percent of the minimum subsistence budget).
The state system of benefits for families with children covers more than 427,000 children (24.5 percent of the total number of children).
When two or more children are born the family is granted a one-time payment to purchase the basic necessities (2 minimum subsistence budgets for each child).
When triplets are born families are entitled to baby-sitting services provided free of charge until the children reach the age of 3.
Measures aimed at further development of the state support for families with children are envisaged in the National Program on Demographic Security of the Republic of Belarus for 2011-2015.