Control over the labour market situation is maintained through the State Employment Programme which is developed on an annual basis.
The State Employment Programme 2012 is approved by Ordinance of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus of January 30, 2012 No.96.
The State Employment Programme is aimed at meeting the following objectives:
- maintaining the stable employment situation;
- integration of target population groups who are in need of social support into the labour market;
- improving the system of education and retraining to meet the needs of the economy;
- ensuring informational and methodological support and vocational guidance for promotion of employment.
The main priorities of the State Employment Programme include:
- improving the labour market monitoring;
- interaction with employers and providing employers with assistance in the promotion of economic restructuring;
- information provision;
- promoting employment of target population groups.
Active employment measures stipulated by the State Employment Programme are aimed at:
- providing jobs and vacancies for 190,000 people, including 127,100 unemployed, of which 24,600 unemployed people are living in rural areas;
- providing assistance in organizing business for 3,100 unemployed people;
- offering professional training courses for approximately 20,000 unemployed people;
- providing 335 families of the unemployed with new jobs in new places of residence;
- organizing paid public works for 78,500 people, including 40,500 unemployed;
- ensuring the registered unemployment rate of no more than 1,5 percent of the economically active population by the end of 2012.
Labour market trends suggest that one should not expect any sharp deterioration in the employment situation in 2012. It is expected that the unemployment rate will not exceed the projected rate – 1,5 percent of the economically active population.